The world-wide used ASTM standardized SDI (Silt Density Index) is a simple and cheap test to determine the fouling potential of water. We have developed the first available portable and fully automatic SDI/MFI analyser for doing both SDI as well as MFI (Modified Fouling Index) experiments.
SDI: Silt Density Index
To determine the rate at which particulate and colloid matter will foul membranes, the widely accepted method Silt Density Index (SDI, ASTM D4189) is used. Many (membrane) manufacturers have adopted this parameter and use it amongst other chemical/physical parameters as basis for their guarantee conditions.
The simple test compromises a short filtration cycle on a 0.45 um microfiltration (MF) membrane resulting in a indexed number.
A drawback of the SDI test is the fact that it is difficult to obtain a reproducible and accurate SDI value. Due to this there are often discussions on obtained SDI results. The most important known sources of error are:
MFI : Modified Fouling Index
The Modified Fouling Index (MFI) is a measure for the fouling capacity of water on (mostly) membrane reactors. The MFI (0.45) has been developed to overcome the main deficiencies of SDI. The advantages of MFI are:
The obtained MFI value is corrected for temperature and pressure and shows a linear relation with colloidal suspended matter concentration.
The Convergence Inspector SDI Analyzer / MFI Analyzer is a test device that has been designed not only to consider the MFI (0.45) advantages, but also to minimize, if not eliminate, human errors. Due to the software installed the system is capable of measuring the following parameters in one test: SDI5, SDI10, SDI15, SDIv, SDI+ and MFI.
Specifications Filter Cartridge:
Mean pore size: 0.45 um
Diameter: 25 mm, flat
Thickness: 115 – 180 um
Pure water flow: 25 – 50s per 500 ml
Pressure: 91.4 – 94.7 kPa
Bubble point: 179 – 248 kPa